Hanoi Tourist Spots: Top Things to Do in the Vibrant City

Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam, is a fascinating destination for tourists who want to experience the country’s rich history and culture. The city has a lot to offer, from ancient temples and museums to bustling markets and vibrant nightlife. Visitors can explore the narrow streets of the Old Quarter, take a stroll around Hoan Kiem Lake, or sample the local cuisine at one of the city’s many street food stalls.

One of the top tourist spots in Hanoi is the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Complex, which is dedicated to the country’s revolutionary leader and founder of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The complex includes the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, where visitors can pay their respects to the late leader, as well as the Ho Chi Minh Museum and the One Pillar Pagoda. Another must-see attraction is the Temple of Literature, built in the 11th century and dedicated to Confucius and the pursuit of knowledge. The temple is home to Vietnam’s first university and features beautiful gardens and traditional architecture.

The Old Quarter is the perfect place to start for those who want to immerse themselves in the local culture. This historic district is known for its narrow streets, traditional architecture, and vibrant street markets. Visitors can explore the many shops, cafes, and restaurants that line the streets or take a guided tour to learn more about the area’s history and culture.

Historical Landmarks

Hanoi is a city steeped in history, and it boasts a number of historical landmarks that are must-sees for any tourist. Here are some of the most notable ones:

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

The beloved Uncle Ho, well respected by the Vietnamese people, is a figure of immense historical importance, and the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum stands as a grand symbol of the nation’s past.

Thousands of visitors flock to this majestic marble structure annually, paying their respects to the founder of modern Vietnam. All visitors are expected to dress and behave modestly while inside the mausoleum, a journey that is considered an honor and well worth the effort for many citizens.

Temple of Literature
Temple of Literature

Temple of Literature

With its intricate courtyards, lush gardens, pavilions, and a tranquil lake, the Temple of Literature in Hanoi is a stunning example of ancient Vietnamese architecture. Built in 1070 by Emperor Ly Thai To, the complex is a tribute to Confucius and the country’s most esteemed scholars.

It’s no wonder that the Temple of Literature is a popular tourist destination, offering a unique glimpse into the past. Whether you’re admiring the statues, strolling through the grounds, or simply soaking up the atmosphere, the Temple of Literature is sure to leave you with a lasting impression.

One Pillar Pagoda
One Pillar Pagoda

One Pillar Pagoda

Standing tall and proud in the heart of Hanoi, the One Pillar Pagoda is an iconic symbol of the city’s culture and spirituality. Built in 1049 by Emperor Ly Thai Tong, the pagoda is an architectural marvel, standing atop a single stone pillar and designed to look like a lotus blossom.

This iconic structure has become a popular attraction for tourists, who come to marvel at its unique design and its symbolic representation of Vietnam’s capital.

Hoa Lo Prison Museum by Richard Mortel via Wikimedia cc
Hoa Lo Prison Museum By Richard Mortel Hoa Lo Prison Museum, Hanoi (2), CC BY 2.0, cc

Hoa Lo Prison Museum

Hoa Lo Prison, more famously known as the Hanoi Hilton, was built by the French in Hanoi from 1886–1889 and 1898–1901 when Vietnam was still part of French Indochina. The French referred to it as Maison Centrale, a euphemism for prisons in France.

During the Vietnam War, it was used to detain American prisoners of war, including Senator John McCain. Now, the former prison has been transformed into the Hoa Lo Prison Museum, offering visitors a unique insight into the lives of the revolutionaries and prisoners of war who were held captive there.

Hanoi Cultural Experiences

Hanoi is a city rich in culture and history, offering visitors a wide range of cultural experiences to enjoy. Here are three must-see cultural experiences in Hanoi.

Traditional Hanoi dwelling, Museum of Ethnology, Hanoi by Richard Mortel via Wikimedia cc
Traditional Hanoi dwelling, Museum of Ethnology, Hanoi by Richard Mortel via Wikimedia cc

Museum of Ethnology

Discover the vibrant culture of Vietnam’s 54 ethnic minorities at the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi! From traditional clothing to tools and household items, the museum offers a captivating look at the country’s diverse population’s tangible and intangible cultural values.

Explore each group’s unique history and heritage, and gain insight into the vibrant culture of Vietnam.

Water Puppet Theatre
Water Puppet Theatre

Water Puppet Theatre

Experience the ancient art of water puppetry and immerse yourself in the vibrant culture of Vietnam at the Thang Long Water Puppet Show! For over a thousand years, this traditional form of art has captivated audiences with its unique blend of history, lore, and whimsical entertainment.

Step into the bustling city of Hanoi and be transported to the rural countryside of Vietnam, as you watch the puppeteers skillfully manipulate the puppets and tell stories of the daily life and legends of rural Vietnam. Don’t miss out on this unique opportunity to witness an authentic slice of Vietnam’s cultural heritage!

Hanoi Opera House by Dennis Jarvis via Wikimedia cc
Hanoi Opera House by Dennis Jarvis via Wikimedia cc

Hanoi Opera House

A visit to the Hanoi Opera House is an experience like no other. Nestled in the heart of downtown Hanoi, this magnificent neo-gothic building stands as a testament to the exchange between Vietnamese and Western cultures and arts. From the outside, the building is a sight to behold, with its ornate architecture and vibrant colors – but the real beauty of the building lies in its history.

Built during the French colonial period in the early 20th century, the Hanoi Opera House has been beautifully restored in recent years and is now widely regarded as one of the most beautiful buildings in Hanoi. Inside, visitors can take a guided tour to learn about its history and architecture or attend a performance by the Hanoi Opera Ballet and Symphony Orchestra.

Exploring the Old Quarter

The Old Quarter of Hanoi is a fascinating neighborhood that is home to a mix of Vietnamese architecture, green spaces, ancient shops, and street food. The area is best explored on foot, and visitors will be treated to a sensory overload of sights, sounds, and smells. Here are some of the top spots to check out when exploring the Old Quarter.

Hoan Kiem Lake Hanoi
Hoan Kiem Lake Hanoi

Hoan Kiem Lake

Hoan Kiem Lake, a place of legend and mystery, is one of the most iconic spots in the Old Quarter. It was named Sword Lake in the 15th century, alluding to the story of King Le Thai To (1385 – 1433) and his magical sword. According to the tale, the gods gave the emperor the sword to help him fight off Chinese invaders.

After the war was won, the emperor returned the sword to a turtle in the lake. To this day, visitors can still spot the turtles that inhabit the lake and explore the Ngoc Son Temple, which is located on an island in the middle of the lake.

Ngoc Son Temple by Richard Mortel via Wikimedia cc
Ngoc Son Temple By Richard Mortel from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia – Ngoc Son Temple, Hanoi (2), CC BY 2.0, cc

Ngoc Son Temple

Nestled in the middle of Hoan Kiem Lake, the Ngoc Son Temple (Jade Mountain Temple) stands as a tribute to the legendary Tran Hung Dao, the greatest military commander of the Tran Dynasty.

Recognized for his military brilliance, Tran Hung Dao led the Vietnamese Army to several victories over the Yuan Dynasty in the 13th century. Visitors can cross a red bridge to reach the 19th-century temple and be in awe of its stunning architecture and artifacts, a reminder of the great Tran Hung Dao.

Train Street Hanoi
Train Street Hanoi

Train Street

The Train Street of Hanoi has become a must-see destination for tourists, offering a unique and exciting experience. As you wander through the Old Quarter, you will come across a narrow street lined with houses and shops – and a set of train tracks in the middle of it all!

Watch in awe as the trains whizz by, just inches away from the buildings, and don’t forget to sample the delicious street food the vendors offer. It’s a truly unforgettable experience!

Religious Sites

Hanoi is home to many religious sites that reflect the city’s rich cultural heritage. Visitors can explore these sites to learn more about the city’s history and religion. The two main types of religious sites in Hanoi are pagodas and Buddhist temples.

Tran Quoc Pagoda
Tran Quoc Pagoda

Tran Quoc Pagoda

Tran Quoc Pagoda is one of the oldest pagodas in Hanoi and is located on a small island in West Lake. The pagoda was built in the 6th century and is known for its beautiful architecture and serene atmosphere. Visitors can explore the pagoda’s many shrines and statues of Buddha, as well as enjoy the peaceful surroundings of the lake.

Lang Pagoda
Lang Pagoda

Lang Pagoda

Lang Temple is a hidden gem nestled away in the bustling streets of Hanoi, Vietnam. Dating back to the Ly Than Tong Dynasty (1128-1138), this Buddhist temple provides a tranquil oasis for visitors to escape the hustle and bustle of city life.

The temple is dedicated to the Buddhist monk Tu Dao Hanh and was built by Emperor Ly Anh Tong. As you enter through the ancient concrete and wooden gateway, you are welcomed by two stone elephants that flank the entrance.

In the center of the courtyard lies an octagonal pavilion surrounded by lush greenery, providing a peaceful setting for local students to read and paint. Lang Temple is a truly unique experience, offering a glimpse into the traditional culture of rural Vietnam.

Shopping in Hanoi

Hanoi is an excellent destination for shoppers, with diverse shopping options available. From traditional markets to modern malls, Hanoi has something for everyone. This section will explore some of the best places to shop in Hanoi.

Dong Xuan Market by Christopher95 via Wikimedia cc
Dong Xuan Market by Christopher95 via Wikimedia cc

Dong Xuan Market

Dong Xuan Market in Hanoi is an iconic destination for locals and tourists alike. Located in the heart of the Old Quarter, this bustling four-storey market is a shopper’s paradise, offering an array of products from clothing and shoes to electronics and food.

Step onto the ground floor, and you’ll be met with a feast for the senses, with an array of fresh produce and delicacies. Ascend to the upper floors, and you’ll find a wealth of goods, from signature souvenirs to household items. With something to suit every taste and budget, Dong Xuan Market is the perfect place to explore the vibrant culture of Hanoi.

Bamboo Street

Hanoi is famous for its handicrafts, and there are many places where you can buy unique and traditional souvenirs. Bamboo Street is one of the best places to shop for crafts and souvenirs. This street has shops selling various handmade products, including lacquerware, ceramics, and silk.

Silk Street

Experience the vibrant culture of modern Hanoi Silk Street, Hang Gai Street, where you can find a plethora of leading silk shops offering both fashionable clothing items and traditional hand-embroidered products. Shop till you drop and pick up unique gifts for your family and friends, all while soaking in the vibrant atmosphere of the city.

Natural Beauty

Hanoi is home to several natural wonders that offer visitors a chance to escape the hustle and bustle of the city and immerse themselves in the beauty of nature. Here are two of the most popular natural attractions in Hanoi:

Sunset in West Lake Hanoi
Sunset in West Lake Hanoi

West Lake

West Lake is the largest lake in Hanoi and is a popular destination for tourists and locals alike. The lake is surrounded by lush greenery and is home to several temples, pagodas, and historic landmarks. Visitors can take a leisurely stroll around the lake or rent a bike and explore the area at their own pace.

One of the most popular attractions on West Lake is the Lotus Pond, where visitors can see thousands of lotus flowers in bloom during the summer months. The pond is also home to several species of fish and turtles, making it a great spot for nature lovers.

Red River Hanoi
Red River Hanoi

Red River

The Red River is one of the most important waterways in Vietnam and is a major source of water for the country’s agriculture. The river is also a popular destination for tourists who want to experience the beauty of Vietnam’s natural landscapes.

Visitors can take a boat ride down the river and enjoy the stunning views of the surrounding mountains and countryside. The river is also home to several species of fish and other aquatic life, making it a great spot for fishing enthusiasts.

Local Cuisine

Hanoi is famous for its diverse and flavorful cuisine. From street food to high-end restaurants, the city has something to offer for every taste and budget. This section will explore the two main categories of Hanoi’s local cuisine: street food and cafes.

Bun Cha by Viethavvh via Wikimedia cc
Bun Cha by Viethavvh via Wikimedia cc

Street Food

Hanoi’s street food scene is one of the best in the world. The city is known for its noodle dishes, such as pho and bun cha, as well as its spring rolls and banh mi sandwiches. One of Hanoi’s most famous street food spots is Bun Cha Huong Lien, where former US President Barack Obama famously dined in 2016. Another must-try dish is the egg coffee, a Hanoi specialty made with egg yolks, sugar, condensed milk, and coffee.

Here are some of the best street food spots in Hanoi:

Name Address Specialty
Bun Cha Huong Lien 24 Le Van Huu, Hai Ba Trung Bun Cha
Pho Gia Truyen Bat Dan 49 Bat Dan, Hoan Kiem Pho
Banh Mi 25 25 Hang Ca, Hoan Kiem Banh Mi
Cafe Giang 39 Nguyen Huu Huan, Hoan Kiem Egg Coffee
Quan An Ngon 18 Phan Boi Chau, Hoan Kiem Various dishes


Hanoi’s cafe culture is thriving, with many trendy and cozy cafes popping up all over the city. The most famous Hanoi coffee is the egg coffee, which can be found in many cafes throughout the city. In addition to coffee, many cafes also serve snacks and light meals, such as sandwiches and pastries.

Here are some of the best cafes in Hanoi:

Name Address Specialty
Cafe Giang 39 Nguyen Huu Huan, Hoan Kiem Egg Coffee
Cong Caphe Multiple locations Vietnamese coffee
The Note Coffee 64 Luong Van Can, Hoan Kiem Unique decor
Loading T 8 Chan Cam, Hoan Kiem Cozy atmosphere
Pate So 2B Phan Chu Trinh, Hoan Kiem Pate sandwiches

Whether you are a foodie or just looking for a quick bite, Hanoi’s local cuisine is sure to satisfy your taste buds. Don’t be afraid to explore the city’s street food scene and cozy cafes to discover your new favorite dish or drink.

The French Influence

Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam, is a place that has been strongly influenced by French culture in terms of architecture, religion, cuisine, and writing system. The French colonial period in Vietnam has left a significant impact on the city’s landscape, making it a unique blend of Eastern and Western cultures.

One of the most notable French influences in Hanoi is its architecture. French colonial architecture is characterized by its grandeur and elegance, which is evident in the colonial buildings scattered throughout the city. Many of these buildings, such as the Hanoi Opera House, the Presidential Palace, and the St. Joseph’s Cathedral, have been preserved, restored, and repurposed.

In addition to the colonial buildings, several French-style villas and mansions have been converted into hotels, restaurants, and cafes. These establishments offer a glimpse into the luxurious lifestyle of the French elite during their time in Vietnam.

Apart from architecture, the French influence is also evident in Hanoi’s cuisine. French cuisine has had a significant impact on Vietnamese cuisine, and this influence is most evident in the Vietnamese baguette, known as Banh Mi. This delicious sandwich is a fusion of French and Vietnamese flavors, with a crispy baguette filled with various meats, vegetables, and sauces.

The French influence is also present in Hanoi’s writing system. The Vietnamese language was originally written in Chinese characters, but during the French colonial period, the Latin alphabet was introduced as a way to modernize the language. Today, the Latin alphabet is the official writing system of Vietnam.


Getting around Hanoi is relatively easy, with a variety of transportation options available. However, traffic can be heavy and chaotic, especially during peak hours. Motorbikes are a popular mode of transportation in Hanoi, and visitors will see them everywhere on the city’s streets.


Motorbikes can be rented from various shops and hotels in Hanoi. However, driving in the city can be challenging, especially for those unfamiliar with the traffic. It is recommended that visitors hire a driver or take a taxi instead. Traffic in Hanoi can be chaotic, and there are few traffic lights or stop signs. Motorbikes often weave in and out of traffic, and it can be challenging to predict their movements.


Taxis are widely available in Hanoi, and they are generally safe and reliable. Visitors should make sure to use a reputable taxi company and agree on a price before starting the ride. It is recommended to use a ride-hailing app like Grab or GoViet, which are popular in Vietnam and offer a more transparent pricing system.

Public Transportation

Hanoi’s public transportation system includes buses, trains, and a metro line that is currently under construction. Buses are the most common form of public transportation in the city, and they are relatively cheap. However, they can be crowded and slow, especially during peak hours. The train system is more limited, with only a few lines running within the city. The metro line is expected to open in the near future and will offer a faster and more efficient way to travel around Hanoi.


Traffic in Hanoi can be heavy and chaotic, especially during peak hours. Visitors should exercise caution when crossing the street, as motorbikes and cars often do not stop for pedestrians. It is recommended to cross the street slowly and steadily, without sudden movements. Visitors should also be aware of their surroundings and watch out for motorbikes driving on the sidewalks.

Top Picks: 5 Best Hotels in Hanoi

  1. The Oriental Jade Hotel – Check Rates and Availability.
  2. Peridot Grand Luxury Boutique Hotel – Check Rates and Availability.
  3. Lotte Hotel Hanoi – Check Rates and Availability.
  4. Sofitel Legend Metropole Hanoi – Check Rates and Availability.
  5. InterContinental Hanoi Westlake – Check Rates and Availability.
Things to do in Hanoi
Things to do in Hanoi

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some unique things to do in Hanoi?

Hanoi offers a range of unique experiences that visitors can enjoy. Some of the must-do activities include taking a cyclo ride around the Old Quarter, watching a water puppet show, exploring the night markets, and trying the local street food.

What are the top shopping spots in Hanoi?

Hanoi is a shopper’s paradise with many markets and shops selling everything from handicrafts to designer clothes. Some of the top shopping spots include Dong Xuan Market, Night Market, Hang Gai Street, and Trang Tien Plaza.

What are some must-see tourist spots in Hanoi?

Hanoi is home to many historic and cultural attractions that visitors should not miss. Some of the must-see tourist spots include Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Temple of Literature, Hoan Kiem Lake, Hanoi Old Quarter, and the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology.

What are the best things to do in Hanoi for a week-long trip?

For a week-long trip to Hanoi, visitors can explore the city’s cultural and historical attractions, take a cooking class to learn about Vietnamese cuisine, visit the surrounding countryside, and take a boat tour of Halong Bay.

What are some recommended places to visit and stay in Hanoi?

Hanoi has many hotels and accommodations to suit all budgets and preferences. Some of the recommended places to stay include Sofitel Legend Metropole Hanoi, Hilton Hanoi Opera, and The Hanoi Club Hotel & Lake Palais Residences. As for places to visit, visitors should explore the Old Quarter, Hoan Kiem Lake, and the Temple of Literature.

What is the history and significance of the Hanoi Opera House?

The Hanoi Opera House is a historic building that was built in 1911 during the French colonial period. It is an important cultural landmark in Hanoi and has hosted many significant events and performances throughout its history. Today, visitors can enjoy performances of traditional Vietnamese music and dance as well as international productions.

Hanoi Travel and Tour Packages

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